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Canadian Submarines

Did you know that Canada got its first submarines more than 100 years ago, during the First World War – and the first submarines were purchased by the province of British Columbia, not the federal government! The submarine arm of the Royal Canadian Navy has never been big, but it’s an important part of the navy. The current submarine fleet consists of four Victoria-class diesel-electric attack submarines, split between the East and West Coasts.

VIC sub

They had an extremely busy schedule in 2018 and deployed abroad as far as Japan, in partnership with Canadian allies. They were less active in 2019 mainly because they had to undergo routine maintenance after their busy year. If you want to know more about the history, capabilities and missions of Canada’s submarines, read the Briefing Note produced by the Naval Association of Canada at

Read more: NAC BN #5 (.pdf)

Canadian Naval Review (CNR) - Vol. 16.1


The National Shipbuilding (Procurement) Strategy (NSS) is the largest shipbuilding program that Canada has implemented since the Second World War.

In the spring issue, we examine the NSS from many angles. How did the program come into being? Why was it created? And what is happening with it? What are other countries in similar situations doing? Will it accomplish its goals? What is missing from it? And what are the strengths and shortcomings of the strategy? You have questions, we have answers.

Read more: Vol. 16, No. 1

Download Vol 16.1 in PDF (subscribers only)

And of course we also have our fascinating regular columns, book reviews and amazing photos. If you don’t have a subscription yet, you should get one so you don’t miss anything. As always, keep your eyes on the CNR Twitter account for the latest updates at CdnNavalReview

Previous CNR issues

Volume 15, Number 3 (2020)

  • Editorial: Not for Sale: Trump, Greenland and Danish Naval Diplomacy - Tim Choi;
  • Winner of 2019 CNMT Essay Contest: On the Rise of the Materialists and the Decline of Naval Thought in the RCN - Captain (Navy) Hugues Canuel, RCN;
  • How Does the RCN Prepare to Fight in Hypersonic Missile Environments? - Matthew Beaupré;
  • Dollars and Sense: Slightly Delinquent: Canadian Defence Burden Sharing - Dave Perry.

Volume 15, Number 2, Fall 2019

Volume 15, Number 2, Fall 2019

The fall issue developed a focus on the Arctic:

  • Chinese ship Xue Long visited the Arctic in 2017;
  • Arctic Rangers;
  • US Navy in the Arctic;
  • Dollars and Sense: Stepping up in the Arctic.

CNR resources

Read more: CNR Archives (50+ magazines in PDF) and Subject Index (500+ articles).

Looking for Books about Maritime Matters?

Over the last 15 years, Canadian Naval Review has published over 170 book reviews. These books cover a variety of topics but they all relate to maritime matters, history, or security and defence at sea. This is an amazing resource. Go through the list of reviews, pick out a few books that look interesting, read the reviews, and then order the books from your nearest bookstore or from the publisher. See the list of book reviews at

CNMT essay

Submissions to the CNMT Essay Competition

Deadline: 30 September 2020

Canadian Naval Review holds its annual essay competition. A prize of $1,000 is awarded for the best essay, provided by the Canadian Naval Memorial Trust. The winning essay will be published in CNR. (Other non-winning essays will also be considered for publication, subject to editorial review.)

Download brochure (En/Fr)